This week in Torah

Parashah 2 Noah

October 24, 2020 – Noach (“Rest”) – Parshat 2

  • Torah: Genesis 6:9-11:32
  • Haftara: Isaiah 54:1-55:5
  • Brit Chadasha: Luke 17:20-27

אֵ֚לֶּה תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת נֹ֔חַ נֹ֗חַ אִ֥ישׁ צַדִּ֛יק תָּמִ֥ים הָיָ֖ה בְּדֹֽרֹתָ֑יו אֶת־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֖ים הִֽתְהַלֶּךְ־נֹֽחַ׃

Eleh toldot Noach Noach ish tsadik tamim hayah bedorotav et-ha’Elohim hithalech Noach.

This is the line of Noah.Noah was a righteous man; he was blameless in his age; Noah walked with God.

The following is taken from First Fruits of Zion, and because it is so beautiful I did not want to present it in any way apart from verbatim. [First Fruits of Zion, Shadows of the Messiah, Book 1, Genesis Noach]

Noah and Messiah

In what ways did Noah prefigure the Messiah? Noah was the savior of the world. [John4:42; 1 John4:14] In the days of Noah, the almighty held a terrible, universal judgement over the world. The whole earth was corrupt, but Noah “was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God” (Genesis 6:9). Noah proclaimed a message of repentance to a wicked and adulterous generation. The apostles called him a “preacher of righteousness” who called his generation to repent.  [2 Peter 2:5; 1 Clement 7:6] He warned the people of his time about an imminent day of divine fury and judgement. Noah offered men a means of deliverance through which they could be saved from the fate about to befall their generation.                                                         The name Noah (Noach, נֹ֔חַ ) also alludes to Messiah. When Noah was born, his parents named him Noach, saying, “This one will give us rest (nacham) from our work and from the toil of our hands” (Genesis 5:29). The name Noach, which also means “comforter”, is a form of the word Menachem. [in Yalkut Shim’oni, II.42, Noah goes by the name Menachem] The sages of the Talmud say that Menachem is one of the names of Messiah. [b.Sanhedren 98b.] Lamentations 1:16 refers to the Messiah as the Menachem, i.e., the “comforter”. Yeshua told his disciples that the Father would send them another comforter, indicating that up until then, He had filled that title. [John 14:16] The apostles refer to the Messiah as our “Advocate with the Father,” a term employing the Greek equivalent for Menachem.[1 John2:1]

Perhaps this hint toward a messianic title explains the unusual repetition of Noah’s name when the Torah says “Noah, Noah” (Genesis 6:9). The repetition hints toward the first coming of the Messiah and the second coming of the Messiah.

The apostles also compared the salvation God brought through Noah to the salvation that God brings through the Messiah. [1 Peter 3:20-21] Unlike Noah, who saved only himself and his family, however, the Messiah will bring salvation to the whole world. A parable comparing Noah and Moses illustrates the point.

“It is as if two ships encountered a storm on the sea. Two pilots steered the two ships. One managed to save himself but not the ship, but the other saved both himself and the ship. Which one received admiration? Surely the one who saved himself and his ship, Similarly, Noah saved only himself, whereas Moses saved himself and his generation.” (Genesis Rabbah 11:3)

And – “If the Holy One, blessed be He, did miracles for Noah, who was righteous but not completely righteous …. how much more so if he had been a perfectly righteous man!” (Midrash Tanchuma, Noach 9.)

We thank Adonai for Yeshua, His living Torah, who is the one perfectly righteous man, able to save completely all who look to Him! “Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;” ( Hebrews 5:8&9)

May you be abundantly blessed, as you begin your study of Torah afresh, looking for the Righteous “Menachem” Yeshua in each Parshat.

Shalom Mish’pachah from Beth Hallel Lodi