This week in Torah

Parashah 18 Mishpatim

January 29, 2022 – Mishpatim (“Judgments”) Parshat 18

  • Torah: Exodus 21:1-24:18
  • Haftara: Jeremiah 34:8-22, 33:25-26
  • Brit Chadasha: Matthew 26:20-30

וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר תָּשִׂ֖ים לִפְנֵיהֶֽם׃

Ve’eleh hamishpatim asher tasim lifneyhem.

These are the rules that you shall set before them.

The Angel: Shemote 23:20&21 “Behold, I send an angel before you, to keep you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. Pay attention to him, and listen to his voice. Don’t provoke him, for he will not pardon your disobedience, for my name is in him.

The prophesy in Malachi 3:1 “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me; and the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, behold, he comes!” says the LORD of Hosts.” Inspired Rabbi Yitzchak ben Levi of Pikov to see a connection to the angel in Exodus 23:20&21. and said that “Behold, I am going to send an angel before you” referred to the coming redemption thru Mashiach ben David.

“Behold, I am going to send an angel before you” (Exodus 23:20). Compare Zechariah 12 where it says, “In that day … the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the LORD before them” (Zechariah 12:8) In the Torah, it says that He sends the angel “to bring you to the place which I have prepared.” This refers to the land of Israel. The promise is directed to Moses himself, but Moses did not enter the land. Surely this was said regarding the future days of Messiah and the resurrection of the dead. Then Moses our teacher will be the first [of the exiles] to enter the land. The Blessed One has not yet fulfilled Moses’ desire to enter the land, but in the future, He will fulfill the desire of Moses our teacher. He will be the first to enter the land of Israel. Who will bring him into the land? The Messiah (who is called David) will bring Moses into the land. For he will go before them like the angel of the LORD. This is why it says “I (anochi)” in this verse, because it pertains to the future time of redemption, of which it says, “I, even I (anochi, anochi), am He who comforts you” (Isaiah 51:12). And the words “I (anochi) am going to send an angel before you” refer to [Messiah son of] David, who will then be called an angel: “In that day … the house of David will be … like the angel of the LORD before them.”                 (Toldot Yitzchak ben Levi in Yalkut Moshiach: Yisro-Mishpotim)

Adonai said of His prophet like Moshe; “I will raise them up a prophet from among their brothers, like you; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him. It shall happen, that whoever will not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.” (Deut. 18:18&19)

Yeshua came and spoke the words of HaShem, as you study Mishpatim this week may we hear and receive the words of Messiah, and look to Him to lead us into the place He has prepared for us!

Ahav V’shalom L’mishpachatenu love and peace to our family in Messiah from Beth Hallel Lodi